Metal Forming for Automotive Market: by Technique (Roll, Stretch, Stamping, Deep Drawing, Hydroforming), Type (Hot, warm and Cold), Application (BIW, Chassis, Closure), Material (Steel, Aluminum, Magnesium), and Regions
The global Metal Forming for Automotive market is projected to value at USD 260.00 Billion by 2030 from USD 206.83 Billion in 2022 at a CAGR of 3.1% during the forecast period, 2023-2030.
In an environment of global competition and increasing regulation, automakers are expected to continue applying stringent product homologation rules. In order to meet the emission norms other than emission norms, a transition from manganese-based high strength steel has been made to aluminum alloys in the body structure, which requires a change from largely cold stamping processes to hot forming processes. In addition, with regard to sheet metal outer panels such as front fenders and rear doors etc., it is necessary to use hot bending processes having excellent formability compared with conventional stamping processes.
Metal Forming for Automotive
Metal Forming for Automotive Market Size, 2022 To 2030 (USD Billion)
Growing Pressure to Improve Fuel Economy to Drive Automakers to Produce Lightweight Vehicles
In order to reduce the weight of car bodies, automakers are increasing the use of hot forging processes such as hollow-forging and roll stamping. In North America and Europe, there is a trend toward high-speed forming in which sheet metal thickness becomes thinner and higher strain is applied. On the other hand, in China and India, the development of automotive industries in emerging countries has led to an increase in demand for low-cost vehicles and has become a factor that reduces the weight required in body structures (in particular exterior components), resulting in an increase of light weighting parts with thin steel plate thicknesses such as simple cut parts.
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In order for these developments to continue without delays or stagnation due to tool shortages, it will be necessary for tool manufacturers to maintain a high degree of flexibility, realignment of production models, and high awareness as a manufacturer for forming processes.
The global metal forming market is segmented on the basis of technique into roll, stretch, stamping, deep drawing, and hydroforming. On type, into hot, warm and cold. Based on application into BIW, chassis, closure, and others. On material into steel, aluminum, magnesium, others.
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Hot Hollow Metal Forming Technique to Dominate the Metal Forming for Automotive Market
When compared with steel sheets, galvanized steel plates have higher hardness and strength due to the zinc coating process that prevents oxidation of the base material. In Japan and North America where sheet metal thickness is generally thick, hot roll bending processing has been dominant from the viewpoint of productivity improvement. In Europe and China where plate thicknesses are required because of the weight of vehicles, cold roll forming has been dominant compared to hot roll bending.
Hot hollow-forging is used for mass production of parts such as steering knuckles and shafts by using cylindrical dies. As an advantage of the method, the base material has a round shape without scrap generation at the time of processing because there is no need to form the side walls unlike stamping processes. Therefore, productivity is higher than that achieved by hot forging. On the other hand, since height accuracy is low due to deformation during forging work, dimensional accuracy after machining is required in some cases.
Aluminum Metal Forming to Remain the key Contributor to the Metal Forming Market
The demand for metal forming is expected to grow significantly in the coming years, primarily to support the production of electrical vehicles. Despite recent headwinds, steel accounts for about 90 percent of global metal forming processing by tonnage, and all signs point to a continued dominance for at least the next decade. That said, alternative metals are increasingly being used in automotive applications due both to environmental concerns and weight reduction initiatives. Of particular interest is aluminum because it has a high strength-to-weight ratio and good formability. Aluminum also offers design freedom because it can be cast or forged depending on specifications. In addition, aluminum's recyclability makes it an attractive material from an ecological perspective given that recycling secondary raw materials represents around 70% of total aluminum consumption.
According data from the International Aluminum Institute, global automotive production is projected to increase by 22% over the next five years. The resulting surge in demand for aluminum will create opportunities for metal forming companies specializing in the process; although competition will be fierce because traditional materials like steel are also needed to support vehicle production.
Asia Pacific to Lead the Global Metal Forming for Automotive Market
Asia Pacific is the largest consumer of Metal Forming for Automotive part manufacturing. The region accounts for 35% of global revenue share in metal forming, followed by North America, Europe, and other regions combined. Asia Pacific will remain the highest contributor to total market revenue with a CAGR of 4.8% over the forecast period. China dominates the Asia Pacific market, despite already reaching mature growth phase. The Japanese market will grow at modest pace during estimated period due to aging population and lower manufacturers penetration rate.
Some of the key players in the global metal formatting for automotive market are Benteler (Germany), Magna (Canada), Tower International (UK), Aisin Seiki (Japan) and Toyota Boshoku (Japan).
The Metal Forming for Automotive is Segmented as Follows:
- Technique (Roll, Stretch, Stamping, Deep Drawing, Hydroforming)
- Type (Hot, Cold)
- Application (BIW, Chassis, Closure)
- Material (Steel, Aluminum, Magnesium)
- Regions (North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East & Africa, Latin America)
|Regions & Countries Covered
- North America - (U.S., Canada, Mexico)
- Europe - (U.K., France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Rest Of Europe)
- Asia Pacific - (China, Japan, India, South Korea, South East Asia, Rest Of Asia Pacific)
- Latin America - (Brazil, Argentina, Rest Of Latin America)
- Middle East & Africa - (GCC Countries, South Africa, Rest Of Middle East & Africa)
- Benteler (Germany)
- Magna (Canada)
- Tower International (UK)
- Aisin Seiki (Japan) and Toyota Boshoku (Japan)
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