Hydrogen Generation Market
Hydrogen Generation Market Global Industry Assessment & Forecast
- By Technology Coal Gasification, Steam Methane Reforming, Partial Oxidation (POX), Electrolysis, Other Technologies
- By Application Methanol Production, Ammonia Production, Petroleum Refinery, Transportation, Power Generation, Other Applications
- By Type Blue Hydrogen, Gray Hydrogen, Green Hydrogen
- By System Type Merchant, Captive
- By Source Natural Gas, Coal, Biomass, Water
- By Region North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, Middle East & Africa
|Forecast Years:||2022 - 2028|
|Historical Years:||2016 - 2021|
|Revenue 2021:||USD 158.4 Billion|
|Revenue 2028:||USD 282.1 Billion|
|Revenue CAGR (2022 - 2028):||10.1%|
|Fastest Growing Region (2022 - 2028)||Asia Pacific|
|Largest Region (2021):||Asia Pacific|
- Cross-segment Market Size and Analysis for Mentioned Segments
- Additional Company Profiles (Upto 5 With No Cost)
- Additional Countries (Apart From Mentioned Countries)
- Country/Region-specific Report
- Go To Market Strategy
- Region Specific Market Dynamics
- Region Level Market Share
- Import Export Analysis
- Production Analysis
- Others Request Customization Speak To Analyst
Global Hydrogen Generation Market is valued at USD 158.4 Billion in 2021 and is projected to reach a value of USD 282.1 Billion by 2028 at a CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate) of 10.1% over the forecast period.
The rapid growth of the Hydrogen Generation Market presents a huge opportunity for companies involved in producing or using hydrogen as an energy source. On-site hydrogen generators are used in a variety of applications, such as chemical processing, oil refining, power generation, and others. Fossil fuels are the most common source of hydrogen today, accounting for about 95% of total production. The rising demand for fuel cells is also driving the growth of the Hydrogen Generation Market. Fuel cells are devices that convert chemical energy into electrical energy, and they can be used in a variety of applications, such as automobiles, portable electronics, backup power systems, and others. The global automotive industry is estimated to be worth $2 trillion by 2025. Hydrogen technology holds great potential for reducing emissions from cars and supporting sustainable mobility initiatives. In addition, hydrogen has the potential to play a key role in addressing climate change concerns related to carbon dioxide emissions from transportation fuels. PEM (proton exchange membrane) fuel cells are the fastest-growing type of fuel cell, with a CAGR of 11.8% from 2020 to 2025. The demand for hydrogen is increasing due to its applications in various end-use industries such as transportation, power generation, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, food & beverages, and metals & mining. Hydrogen is used as a fuel in fuel cells and internal combustion engines. It is also used in the refining of petroleum products and the production of ammonia and methanol.
Hydrogen Generation Market Size, 2021 To 2028 (USD Billion)
One of the key players in the Hydrogen Generation Market is Hydrogenics Corporation. They are planning to invest $200 million in the next three years to expand their operations. Another player in the market is Ballard Power Systems. They have announced plans to invest $1 billion in the next five years to expand their operations. Hydrogen is used in fuel cells to power electric vehicles, which are becoming increasingly popular due to their environmental benefits. The automotive industry is investing heavily in research and development of fuel cell technology, and this is expected to drive the growth of the Hydrogen Generation Market over the forecast period. Several governmental initiatives are expected to drive the growth of the Hydrogen Generation Market over the period. These include the expansion of renewable energy targets and subsidies for electric vehicles. Fuel cells are used in electric vehicles (EVs) as they have a higher efficiency than internal combustion engines (ICEs). EVs are expected to witness significant growth during the forecast period owing to stringent government regulations to reduce emissions from vehicles. The power generation sector is another major consumer of hydrogen. Hydrogen can be used in gas turbines and steam turbines for power generation. It can also be used in fuel cells for generating electricity with high efficiency. The chemical sector uses hydrogen for various processes such as hydrotreating, hydrocracking, and dehydrogenation.
One of the key restraints for the growth of the Hydrogen Generation Market is the high cost of hydrogen production. Hydrogen can be produced from several different feedstocks, such as natural gas, coal, nuclear power, and renewable resources. However, the most common method of hydrogen production is from natural gas, which is currently very expensive. In 2020, the cost of hydrogen production was approximately $2,000 per kilogram. In 2022, this estimate will have decreased to $1,600 per kilogram. The decrease in cost is due to advancements in technology and increased production capacity. Other key restraints for the Hydrogen Generation Market include the lack of a comprehensive infrastructure for hydrogen transportation and distribution, the lack of storage options for hydrogen, and the lack of consumer awareness about the benefits of using hydrogen. The main market restraints for Hydrogen Generation are the cost of production and lack of infrastructure. Hydrogen is still more expensive to produce than natural gas, so it is only used in niche applications where it is essential. There is also a lack of refueling infrastructure for hydrogen vehicles, which limits their use.
How does the Hydrogen Generation Market contribute to the economy of a country?
The rising interest in hydrogen as a sustainable alternative to other forms of energy is the primary force behind the expansion of the market. To encourage hydrogen fuel cells' use in a variety of applications, including transportation, power generation, and industrial uses, many nations are making significant financial investments in the research, development, and construction of related infrastructure. It is anticipated that this will open up new opportunities for market players currently operating in the market for Hydrogen Generation. It is anticipated that the market for Hydrogen Generation will have a positive impact on the GDP of a country, particularly in terms of the economic contribution that it will make. The market presents an opportunity for the expansion of businesses and the creation of new jobs. In addition to that, it lends support to the initiative that the government has taken to cut down on carbon emissions and shift toward cleaner sources of energy.
Top Market Trends
- One of the major trends in the Hydrogen Generation Market is the increasing use of fuel cells. Fuel cells are an efficient way to generate power and are now being used in a variety of applications including backup power, portable power, and transportation. Fuel cell technology is becoming more and more popular for Hydrogen Generation, as it is a clean and efficient way to produce power.
- Solar energy is also being used increasingly to generate hydrogen gas, as it is a renewable and sustainable source of energy. There is a growing trend for using hydrogen fuel in vehicles, as it offers a cleaner and more efficient alternative to petrol or diesel. There is an increasing focus on using hydrogen to power ships and other vehicles that operate in marine environments. This is because hydrogen has a very low emissions profile, making it much cleaner than traditional fossil fuels.
- Home generators are becoming more popular as people look for ways to generate their power, and hydrogen generators offer an environmentally friendly option. The consumers of hydrogen are primarily the oil & gas, chemical, steel, electronics, glass, and food & beverage industries. These industries use hydrogen for processes such as hydrocarbon processing, ammonia synthesis, metal refining, semiconductor manufacturing, float glass production, and food processing.
- With this increase in investment comes an increase in innovation. New technologies are being developed that can improve the efficiency of hydrogen production and make it more cost-effective. For example, electrolysis – which uses electricity to split water molecules into oxygen and hydrogen – is becoming more efficient thanks to advances in catalysts and membranes. Additionally, new methods of storing and transporting hydrogen are being explored, which could make it even easier for consumers and businesses to switch to this clean energy source.
- Another trend in the market is the increasing use of renewable energy sources for hydrogen production. Hydrogen can be produced from a variety of renewable sources such as water, wind, and solar. This is expected to increase the adoption of hydrogen as a fuel source. The trend is the growing interest in using hydrogen as a storage medium for renewable energy. When used in this way, it can help to balance out intermittent renewables like solar and wind power, making the grid more stable and reliable.
The Global Hydrogen Generation Market is segmented based on Technology, Application, Type, System Type, Source, and Region. Based on Technology, the market is divided into Coal Gasification, Steam Methane Reforming, Partial Oxidation (POX), Electrolysis, and Other Technologies. Based on Application, the market has been classified into Methanol Production, Ammonia Production, Petroleum Refinery, Transportation, Power Generation, and Other Applications. In terms of Type, the market is segmented into Blue Hydrogen, Gray Hydrogen, and Green Hydrogen. Based on System Type, the market is segmented into Merchant and Captive. Based on Source, the market is segmented into Natural Gas, Coal, Biomass, and Water. The Global Hydrogen Generation Market has been segmented into four regions—North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and the Middle East & Africa.
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Based on Technology
Coal Gasification technologies are expected to dominate the market, with an estimated share of 73%, owing to their low capital requirement and high energy output. Steam methane reforming is also projected to be a major player due to its ability to produce a variety of products such as natural gas, hydrogen, carbon dioxide, and water. Coal-to-gas (CTG) plants have an overall thermal efficiency of around 50%, which is higher than the overall thermal efficiency of SMR plants. Partial oxidation (POX) is expected to account for a significant share of the market owing to its ability to produce both heat and hydrogen. Electrolysis is also expected to grow at a high rate due to its suitability for producing high-value chemicals and fuels. However, newer technologies are beginning to have an impact on the market, particularly in terms of cost and efficiency. Another promising technology is methane pyrolysis, which involves using heat to break down methane molecules into hydrogen and carbon. This process has the potential to be even more efficient than electrolysis, but it is still in the early stages of development.
Based on Application
Methanol Production is expected to account for the largest share of the Global Hydrogen Generation Market during the forecast period, followed by ammonia production. Petroleum refineries are expected to be the largest generators of electricity through the utilization of hydrogen, followed by power generation companies. It is anticipated that the transportation application sector of the worldwide Hydrogen Generation Market will expand at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of over 14% between the years 2020 and 2025. It is anticipated that the power-generating application sector of the worldwide Hydrogen Generation Market will expand at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of over 11% between the years 2020 and 2025. The expansion of this market is being propelled forward by the rising demand for environmentally friendly forms of energy. Other hydrogen applications include space exploration, metalworking, and water treatment. It is anticipated that growth in industrial applications would occur at a high rate throughout the projected period.
Based on Type
The Blue Hydrogen market is estimated to grow at the highest rate and account for the largest share of the overall market. This is because blue hydrogen has greater potential for commercialization owing to its high energy density and low greenhouse gas emissions. In addition, the increasing trend of electric vehicles and their related infrastructure will drive the growth of the blue hydrogen market. This is primarily due to the increasing deployment of green hydrogen as a transportation fuel. Gray hydrogen is expected to grow at a more moderate pace, mainly due to its limited deployment scenario. However, this segment is projected to be the fastest growing in terms of value by 2022. This owes to the growing demand for low-emitting fuels across various industrial applications. The green hydrogen market is forecast to be the smallest in terms of value and volume, owing to its nascent status and limited uptake. However, this segment is expected to grow at a higher rate than the other two types over the forecast period. This is primarily due to the increasing focus on environmentally friendly sources of energy as well as increasing investment in R&D initiatives related to Hydrogen Generation.
Based on System Type
The Merchant segment is further divided into on-site and off-site Hydrogen Generation. The on-site Hydrogen Generation Market is dominated by fuel cell vehicles, while the off-site Hydrogen Generation Market is expected to grow rapidly due to the increasing demand for electric vehicles. The solar power segment is expected to be the fastest-growing market, followed by wind power. By the end of 2022, the merchant and captive Hydrogen Generation Market is projected to be worth US$ 10.62 billion. Captive systems are typically used by businesses that have a constant and significant need for hydrogen gas and thus benefit from owning and operating their system. The on-site generation segment is expected to account for the largest share of the global merchant and captive Hydrogen Generation Market in 2022, followed by the off-site generation segment.
Based on Source
Natural Gas is the largest market segment for Hydrogen Generation, followed by coal. Biomass and water are the smallest market segments. Coal is the second largest market segment for Hydrogen Generation. The coal segment is expected to register a growth rate of around 5% during the forecast period. This is owing to the increasing demand for thermal power plants that use coal as a fuel source. The biomass segment is projected to witness a high growth rate due to its low emissions and potential for using sustainable biomass sources such as waste material from the industry. The water segment is estimated to exhibit a slower growth rate due to its high capital requirement and limited supply of freshwater resources. Water is the smallest market segment for Hydrogen Generation. Water can be used to produce hydrogen either by electrolysis or photolysis. The main advantage of using water to produce hydrogen is that it is a renewable resource.
Based on Region
North America is expected to account for the largest share of the Hydrogen Generation Market in 2022 -2028 owing to increasing investments in R&D and the adoption of innovative hydrogen-based technologies. The US and Canada are the leading countries in this region. The growing demand for fuel cells in automotive and other industries is expected to boost the growth of the Hydrogen Generation Market in North America. Europe is another major market for Hydrogen Generation due to the presence of a large number of fuel cell manufacturers in the region. Germany, France, and the UK are some of the leading countries in Europe. Germany is the largest market in Europe, followed by France and the United Kingdom. The high demand for fuel cells from transportation and stationary power applications is expected to drive the growth of the Hydrogen Generation Market in Europe. The growth of the Hydrogen Generation Market in the Asia Pacific is anticipated to be driven by rising demand for clean energy and increasing adoption of transportation solutions such as electric vehicles and automated buses. China, Japan, and South Korea are some of the leading countries in the Asia Pacific. Latin America is projected to be the fastest-growing region in terms of the Hydrogen Generation Market due to rising green infrastructure investments and growing awareness about the benefits of using hydrogen. The Middle East & Africa is expected to witness significant growth owing to high growth rates in various industrial sectors such as chemical, food processing, energy storage, textiles, and automotive.
The key players in the Global Hydrogen Generation Market include- Linde PLC, Air Liquide International S.A., Hydrogenics, Inox, Messer Group GmbH, Air Products & Chemicals Inc., Weldstar Inc., Praxair Inc., McPhy, LNI Swissgas and others.
The Hydrogen Generation Market is rapidly evolving, with new advancements being made all the time. Here are some of the most recent advancements in this exciting field:
- The Indian government is focusing on promoting the use of hydrogen as an alternate fuel source and has set a target of generating 20 gigawatts (GW) of renewable hydrogen by 2022. This would help in replacing fossil fuels with clean energy sources, thereby reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
- The government of India has also initiated programs such as Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana and Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana to provide financial assistance to consumers for purchasing electric vehicles and generating their own power from renewable sources, respectively. This would help in increasing awareness about the benefits of using hydrogen in lieu of gasoline or diesel cars.
- Increased efficiency: Newer generation hydrogen generators are much more efficient than older models, meaning that more hydrogen can be produced from a given amount of input energy.
- Lower costs: Advances in technology have also helped to lower the cost of producing hydrogen, making it more affordable for businesses and consumers alike.
- Greater safety: The latest hydrogen generators are designed with safety in mind, incorporating features that reduce the risk of accidents and leakage.
- Better quality: Newer hydrogen generators can produce a higher quality product, with fewer impurities and better overall performance.
- Greater flexibility: The latest generation of hydrogen generators is far more flexible than older models, allowing them to be used in a variety of different settings and applications.
- The development of new technologies for producing hydrogen gas from renewable energy sources such as solar and wind power.
- The construction of new hydrogen refueling stations across the United States and Europe has changed the approach.
- The launch of new hydrogen-powered vehicles by major automakers such as Toyota, Honda, and Hyundai is the new approach.
- The formation of new partnerships between government agencies, universities, and private companies to promote research and development in the field of Hydrogen Generation. The passing of laws and regulations in support of hydrogen fuel cell technology by governments around the world.
Segmentation of the Global Hydrogen Generation Market
|Regions & Countries Covered||
|Report Coverage||Market growth drivers, restraints, opportunities, Porter’s five forces analysis, PEST analysis, value chain analysis, regulatory landscape, technology landscape, patent analysis, market attractiveness analysis by segments and North America, company market share analysis, and COVID-19 impact analysis|
Frequently Asked Question
The global Hydrogen Generation valued at USD 158.4 Billion in 2020 and is expected to reach USD 282.1 Billion in 2028 growing at a CAGR of 10.1%.
The prominent players in the market are Linde PLC, Air Liquide International S.A., Hydrogenics, Inox, Messer Group GmbH, Air Products & Chemicals Inc., Weldstar Inc., Praxair Inc., McPhy, LNI Swissgas.
The market is project to grow at a CAGR of 10.1% between 2021 and 2028.
The driving factors of the Hydrogen Generation include
- Shifting trend toward cleaner energy
Asia Pacific was the leading regional segment of the Hydrogen Generation in 2020.